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This resource summary complements Forced Migration Review special issue, of July 2005 entitled: Tsunami: Learning from the Humanitarian Response. This contains articles synthesising findings and lessons learned from local and international analysis of the post-tsunami humanitarian response, with an emphasis on displacement issues. Implications for future humanitarian operations, especially in conflict-affected situations, are examined. The issue (published in English, French, Sinhala, Tamil and Bahasa Indonesia) is produced in coordination with agencies in tsunami-affected states and with a wide range of UN agencies and international NGOs.


“Concerns about shortcomings in meeting the rights of disaster-induced IDPs to protection have drawn attention to relations of power and politics within which IDPs remain embedded. Authors in this special issue of FMR highlight a range of protection concerns in the aftermath of the tsunami, including access to assistance, enforced relocation, sexual and gender-based violence, safe and voluntary return, loss of documentation and restitution of property. Such concerns must be tackled at an early stage as the protection of economic, social and cultural rights tends to deteriorate over time.”

Eva-Lotta Hedman. The politics of the tsunami response.

“The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement clearly state that those forced to flee natural disasters are to be regarded as IDPs. However, some agencies in post-tsunami Aceh have been reluctant to use the term and to address protection issues.”

Marion Couldrey and Tim Morris. Post-Tsunami Protection concerns in Aceh.

FMO resources


Selected full-text documents (for more, search in the Digital Library)

Web Resources

Selected web-based information resources (for more, search the FMO website)

Relevant Organizations

Contact details for relevant organizations (for more, search in the Organizations Directory)

creative commons logo (CC) BY-NC-ND This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 UK: England & Wales License.

Painting of the tsunami by a Sri Lankan child from Batticaloa district

Painting by Sri Lankan child from Batticaloa district (further information about tsunami paintings).

Last updated Sep 06, 2011