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The Republic of Angola is on the west coast of south-central Africa, and has an estimated population of around 13 million people. Wealthy in natural resources, it is now one of the fastest growing economies in Africa, fuelled mainly by its oil production. Despite this apparent wealth however, the country faces enormous socio-economic problems produced by the 27-year long civil war and the preceding fight for independence from Portugal, achieved in 1975.


In terms of forced migration, it is conflict-induced displacement that has received the most attention during the four decades of near constant fighting. At the height of the civil war, which raged from 1975 to 2002 between the governing MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola) and UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola), it is estimated that over 4 million people were displaced. Since the relative return to peace in 2002 however, the government and international observers have indicated that the vast majority of the displaced in Angola have either returned, resettled or integrated; and from 2005 displacement and return was no longer being monitored (IDMC, 2008).

Attention has turned to the reconstruction of the country’s infrastructure as people return. Issues related to forced migration include: the return process for the displaced, and their varying success in finding durable solutions; post-conflict issues, such as landmines in areas of resettlement, and the reintegration of combatants into society, including child soldiers; disaster-induced displacement, with communities in various parts of the country affected by serious flooding; and the challenges posed by the influx of irregular migrants into the country.

This resource summary highlights a sample selection of web-based resources available on FMO that focus on Angola, specifically on issues relating on forced migration. Links are provided to full-text documents, articles, web resources and relevant organizations.

FMO Resources

Digital Library

Selected full-text documents (for more search in the FMO Digital Library)


Web Resources

Selected web-based information resources (for more, search the FMO website)


Relevant Organizations

Contact details for organizations based in Angola (for more, search in the Organizations Directory)


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Detention centre for refugees and migrants on Italy’s Lampedusa Island

Angolans expelled from Democratic Republic of the Congo seek help in their homeland.

Location of Angola

Map showing the location of Italy

Angola (highlighted in red) in south-central Africa, bordered by Namibia, Botswana and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Last updated Sep 06, 2011