Formal name: Republic of Rwanda (République rwandaise/Republika y'u Rwanda)
Estimated population: 7.3 million (2001 est.)
In the early 1960s, more than 100,000 Rwandese refugees entered the neighbouring countries of Burundi, Tanzania, Zaire, and Uganda. They sought asylum from the violence emerging from the social and political change within Rwanda. These refugees, and the generations they produced, remained in exile for more than thirty years until political alterations in Rwanda facilitated their return in 1994. Simultaneously, as many of the refugees from the 1960s returned to Rwanda, a new wave of refugees left Rwanda following the 1994 genocide and the installation of a new government (predominately composed of returning members of the Rwandese Diaspora).
- Joint Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda (JEEAR) chronology of events http://www.um.dk/danida/evalueringsrapporter/1997_rwanda/book1.asp#ap2
- Human Rights Watch 'The Strategy of Ethnic Division', Leave None to Tell the Story http://www.hrw.org/reports/1999/rwanda/Geno1-3-02.htm#P22_7285
- The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) 'Decolonization in Africa', The State of the World's Refugees http://www.unhcr.org/pubs/sowr2000/ch02.pdf