001: Refugees in Europe after World War II
Historical photo set - No. 1: As World War II ended, millions of people were homeless, including these
refugees from eastern Europe in a camp in Germany. At the time of UNHCR's creation in 1950, it was
estimated that there were 1,250,000 refugees under its mandate, of whom some 300,000 to 400,000 were
without a home and in need of assistance.
002: Vietnamese boat people in Malaysia
Historical photo set - No. 9: The flight of Vietnamese refugees began after the fall of Saigon in 1975.
In spite of the dangers of unfriendly waters and piracy, tens of thousands took to the South China Sea,
and by 1978 the exodus had grown to dramatic proportions. This group of 162 persons arrived on a small boat
which sank a few meters from the shore.
Photo: UNHCR/8268/1978/K. Gaugler
003: Historical photo set no. 10: Arrival of Chilean refugees for resettlement in Switzerland,
Photo: UNHCR/6256/1976/Denyse Giulianotti
004: Western Sahara territory/Western Saharans/Laayoune/Identification of Voters
The future of Western Sahara is finally to be decided. MINURSO (UN Mission for the
Referendum in Western Sahara) has set up an Identification Commission to compile lists of
eligible voters. They will choose between independence or integration with Morocco.
Photo: UNHCR/28004/03.1998/A. Hollman
005: 15019/02.1985/Botswana/Zimbabwean refugees/Dukwe rural settlement/Distribution
At a warehouse, families choose the clothes they need.
Photo: UNHCR/H. Gloaguen
006: Guatemalan refugees in Mexico
Historical photo set no. 12: During the 1980s, a vicious cycle of repression and violence
began in countries in Central America. As terror gained ground, refugee camps multiplied. More
than 300,000 were assisted in the region, including this Guatemalan refugee in Mexico,
where UNHCR organized agricultural and other self-sufficiency projects.
Photo: UNHCR/12177/1982/M. Vanappelghem
007: Bangladesh/Refugees from Myanmar/Noyapara camp, Cox's Bazar District/Close-ups
The burden of caring for families, the sick and the elderly inevitably falls on women. Struggling
to support the most vulnerable, their own well-being is often neglected in the aid effort.
Photo: UNHCR/22073/05.1992/H.J. Davies
008: Voluntary Repatriation to Cambodia
Historical photo set no. 20: After years of exile and a 13-month repatriation operation completed
in April 1993, Cambodians were starting a new life in their homeland. UNHCR's integration
package for returnees included food rations and household tools, as well as the choice between
agricultural land, a cash grant, or a plot of land and building materials.
Photo: UNHCR/22051/1992/K. Gooi
009: Displaced Iraqi Kurds return home
Historical photo set no.17: The beginning of the 1990s was marked by war in the Persian Gulf,
followed by the exodus of 1.5 million Iraqi Kurds. Thousands found themselves trapped on
snow-covered peaks and many did not survive. A massive international aid effort allowed many
of the displaced, including these children, to return home within weeks of their flight.
Photo: UNHCR/21008/1991/A. Roulet
010: Resettlement of refugees through IRO
Historical photo set no. 2: Bremerhaven, Germany: UNHCR's predecessor, the International
Refugee Organisation (IRO) helped one million people to resettle overseas. Seen here are
displaced persons from camps in Germany, Austria and Italy boarding an IRO-chartered ship
on their way to start a new life in the United States of America.
011: Cis/Kyrgyzstan/Refugees from Tajikistan/Siello Uluto, Qsh Province/Children
Some 14,000 Tajik refugees of Kyrgyz ethnic origin have expressed the wish to remain in
Kyrgyzstan (1999 figure). UNHCR will help to renovate or construct schools in communities
with a high percentage of refugee children.
Photo: UNHCR/25094/06.1995/A. Hollman
012: Mozambican refugees in Malawi
Historical photo set no. 15: Fleeing the conflict between rebel and government forces, nearly
1.5 million Mozambicans sought safety in six neighbouring countries during the 1980s. In 1992,
UNHCR started the largest repatriation exercise ever undertaken in Africa and provided assistance
to returnees in their home country, devastated by 16 years of civil war.
Photo: UNHCR/18024/1988/A. Hollman
013: 15065/03.1985/Sudan/Ethiopian Refugees/Wad Kowli camp/Arrival
The massive influx of refugees in Sudan called in the first instance for emergency relief.
Photo: UNHCR/M. Vanappelghem
014: Displacement in Cyprus
Historical photo set no. 8: When clashes erupted between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot
communities in 1974,400,000 people became homeless throughout the island. UNHCR was asked
by the U.N Secretary-General to mobilize and coordinate assistance in the food, health and
shelter sectors. International presence in Cyprus has had to be maintained to this day.
Photo: UNHCR/6218/1976/J. Mohr
015: Nicaraguan refugees in Honduras
Historical photo set no. 13: During the 1980s, a vicious cycle of repression and violence
began in countries in Central America. As terror gained ground, refugee camps multiplied.
More than 300,000 people were assisted in the region, including these Miskito Indian refugees
from Nicaragua, seen waiting for the distribution of food rations at Mocoron camp.
Photo: UNHCR/12198/1982/N. Goldschmidt
016: Voluntary repatriation to Namibia
Historical photo set no.16: A brief respite from the series of refugee emergencies in Africa
came with the repatriation of the Namibians. After more than 15 years of exile in Angola,
Zambia and other African countries, some 41,000 refugees went home in 1989. This group of
returnees is about to leave Lubango, in southern Angola, on a UNHCR-chartered plane.
Photo: UNHCR/19100/1989/L. Astrom
017: Iran (Islamic Rep.)/Afghan refugees/Mirjaveh Quarantine Station - Sistan-Baluchistan/Arrival
Fourteen quarantine and reception centres have been equipped to shelter new arrivals.
Photo: UNHCR/16045/11.1986/A. Hollman
018: Bhutanese refugees in Nepal
Historical photo set no. 21: After a 9-year stay, prospects for the voluntary return of 96,600
Bhutanese refugees sheltered in 7 crowded camps in Nepal remain uncertain. UNHCR is coordinating
assistance to the refugees. One of its aims is to achieve, through self-reliance projects and
literacy classes, greater participation of refugee women in camp activities.
Photo: UNHCR/22094/1992/A. Hollman
019: White Russian "Old Believers" in Brazil